Early detection of autism spectrum disorders can determine the progress and evolution of the child. Put another way, the sooner you can detect early symptoms of autism and Asperger syndrome, the faster you can implement a series of mechanisms and treatments adapted to your child.
For this same reason, when the specialist assesses your child, they can determine the type of autism from which they suffer. The syndrome of Asperger is a type of mild autism that presents some peculiar characteristics.
Characteristics of Asperger’s syndrome
Asperger’s syndrome, also known as Asperger’s disorder is characterized by an autistic’s “high performance”. This syndrome does not affect the independence of the patient, therefore the majority of them can lead a completely normal life.
Asperger’s syndrome does not usually reveal any form of mental retardation, but quite the opposite. Indeed, the affected person’s intellectual capacity is well above the average. The detection of this syndrome is usually delayed until the age of adolescence, which is when, as a general rule, more importance should be given to communication and social integration.
An adolescent or older who does not want to surround himself with people and has no friends, having a series of routines and habits that don’t change such as eating in the same plate or taking a shower at the same time may mean that that person has Asperger’s.
In addition, they tend to use a very elaborate vocabulary, while other types of autism typically have diminished ability of verbal expression, due to their cognitive deterioration.
As for their driving ability, it is common for people with Asperger syndrome to have some awkwardness with the movements and the coordination required, although it should not be a major disability.
Finally, the capacity to retain information of a person with Asperger’s Syndrome is very developed, so they can perform jobs that require a large volume of knowledge.
According to the EU Coalition for the syndrome of Asperger, Asperger syndrome appears later than autism or, at least, is detected later. Many children are diagnosed after 3 years and most of those affected are diagnosed when they are between 5 and 9 years.
Asperger’s syndrome is characterized by the presence of poor or inadequate social interactions, obsessions, speech patterns, oddities and other peculiarities or rare characteristics. Children with the syndrome of Asperger often show little facial expressiveness and find it difficult to read the body language of others; they can engage in obsessive routines and have an unusual sensitivity to sensory stimuli (for example, they can be disturbed by a light which does not affect others, they may cover their ears to not hear the loud environment or they may prefer to wear clothes of a single type of fabric).
In general, people suffering from Asperger syndrome are able to function properly in everyday life, but tend to be immature from the social point of view and people usually see them as weird or eccentric people.
Other characteristics of Asperger syndrome include motor retardation and clumsiness as well as having peculiar interests and special preoccupations. Adults with Asperger’s syndrome have problems to show empathy toward others and present difficulties in their social interactions.
Experts say that Asperger’s syndrome follows a continuous course and usually lasts a lifetime. Anyway, the symptoms may come and go over time and early intervention services can be very useful.